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Two Reasons to Visit Louisville: The Kentucky Derby Museum And The Muhammad Ali Center
The Kentucky Derby has been held every year since 1875 and the famous twin spires at Churchill Downs are a national landmark. Meriwether Lewis Clark Jr., the grandson of William Clark, of Lewis-Clark expedition fame, founded Churchill Downs after spending two years in Europe where he developed an interest in horse racing. This year more than 160,000 people turned up for the race; only 54,000 of them had seats, while the rest pile into the infield in the center of the track.
Gallery: Churchill Downs
"Ninety-nine percent of the people in the infield see no horse racing at all," said Tiara, our guide for a walking tour around Churchill Downs. "But 99% of them don't care. They're here for the party."
The tour starts with a walk past the headstones of four derby winners that are buried on the grounds. We learned that horses are cremated and normally only the head, heart and hooves are buried, but in the case of truly legendary horses – like Secretariat, who won the Derby in 1973 and still is the only horse to complete the race in less than two minutes – they are buried whole.
Two horses live at Churchill Downs year round – Perfect Drift, who placed third in the 2002 Derby, and Winston, a 19-year-old miniature horse that could be mistaken for a pony – and we had a chance to visit with both before pushing off to see the rest of the grounds.
We strolled past a statue of Pat Day, a jockey who won 2,500 races at Churchill Downs and more than $23 million in prize money during his career, and Tiara asked if we thought the diminutive little statue reflected his actual height.
"He's actually two inches shorter in real life," she said. "He's 4 foot 11, and the statue's just over 5 feet."
We passed the betting windows – Tiara said they open some 3,000 of them on Derby day – and made our way toward the track, which was empty and full of puddles on the day we visited.
"The seats in here sell out a year or two in advance," Tiara said. "And if you want to sit in the best seats, you'd better be a celebrity or have plenty of money."
We learned about a few of the Derby's cherished rituals – drinking mint juleps, eating burgoo and singing "My Old Kentucky Home."
The museum itself was just as interesting as the tour. My sons were hooked on an interactive jockey video game where you climb onto a horse and try to ride it to victory, while my wife was fixated on exhibits featuring fancy ladies hats worn on Derby day and another exhibiting jockey silks – the colorful jackets jockeys wear on race days that have evolved since the days when chariot drivers in ancient Rome wore variations of the same thing (there are now 25,000 registered designs).
I was hooked on the video booths, where you can sit and watch replays with commentary of every race dating back to the 1920s. You can sort through the choices by choosing close races, wins by long shots, runaways, and Triple Crown winners. We capped off our visit by checking out "The Greatest Race" a short but intense film about the Derby that is shown in a remarkable 360-degree cinema.
Muhammad Ali - World Class Fighter & Traveler
Muhammad Ali is probably the greatest sports personality of the 20th Century and Louisville's Ali Center, opened in 2005 at a cost of $80 million, does the great man and his fascinating life justice. It's a huge place that's informative, interactive and entertaining. I thought I knew everything there was to know about Ali, but I came away with a deeper appreciation for what an interesting and influential personality Ali was.
He was born and raised in Louisville while the city was still segregated. Ali, then Cassius Clay, took up boxing at age 12 after his bike was stolen and a police officer suggested he join a recreational boxing league after he insisted he was going to "whup" the thief once he caught him. He rose through the local ranks, became an Olympic and heavyweight champion, converted to Islam, became a member of the Nation of Islam and then was stripped of his title for refusing to serve in Vietnam during the war.
After the Supreme Court ruled that his claim as a conscientious objector was legitimate, he was reinstated in 1971, and quickly regained his title. One could write a 1,000-page book on his personal life and not cover it all. Ali married four times (once to a 17-year-old) and had nine children, two from extramarital affairs. He was considered a dangerous rabble-rouser by many in the white establishment and was even under FBI surveillance for a time.
The museum chronicles all of this and more. Ali was diagnosed with Parkinson's Syndrome in 1984, but he's remained remarkably active. I was struck by what a traveler Ali was and is. He fought in Zaire, The Philippines, England, Canada, Italy, Germany and beyond. He visited Ghana in 1964 and was greeted like a conquering hero. He made the hajj to Mecca in '72 and visited Iraq in 1990 to seek freedom for hostages held by Saddam Hussein.
In 2002, he visited Afghanistan as a U.N. Messenger for Peace, and in 2009, he was again greeted like a rock star in Ireland, where he went to visit the ancestral home of his great-grandfather in County Clare. He's done charity work in Indonesia, Morocco, and the Ivory Coast, among other places. And this summer, he took part in the opening ceremony of the Olympic Games in London. These days he spends most of his time in Scottsdale, Arizona, but he celebrated his 70th birthday in January at the museum and he still owns a home in Kentucky.
Aside from all the interactive exhibits, the museum also features a boxing ring, and some punching bags for those who want to get their aggression out. But I was hooked on the cinema area, where you can sit down and watch a number of old Ali fights. If you're too young to have seen him fight or if you aren't but want to relive the good old days, you'll love this museum.
Other Ali landmarks in Louisville:
The Clay Home
3302 W. Grand Avenue
Central High School
1130 W. Chestnut St.
Columbia Gym- site where Clay's bike was stolen and his early workouts
851 S. 4th Street
Presbyterian Community Center- site of the rec program where Clay learned to box
760 S. Hancock Street
[Photo credits: Dave Seminara]