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Somaliland: the country without mail
Today is World Post Day, celebrated every October 9 to mark the anniversary of the foundation of the Universal Postal Union in 1874. More than 150 countries celebrate this day honoring something that's so vital to our lives but is generally taken for granted.
In Somaliland they aren't celebrating, because they don't have a postal system. No other country recognizes Somaliland as a nation and therefore it can't get membership in the Universal Postal Union. Somaliland is the northern third of former Somalia and declared independence in 1991. After a bloody war of independence it developed a government, law enforcement, a viable economy, and infrastructure while neighboring Puntland became a haven for pirates and southern Somalia was torn apart by warlords and terrorists.
When I was traveling in Somaliland last year I was based in Hargeisa, the capital. Unlike much of the region, the lights stayed on around the clock, the streets were safe, and businesses were thriving. When I visited the central post office, however, I found an empty ruin.
So what does a country without mail do to get, um, mail? Courier services are widely used, and there's broadband Internet in the capital. In fact, they had the fastest Internet connection I've ever seen in Africa! Some Somalis told me the lack of a postal system actually encouraged the development of Internet Service Providers.
Still, it would have been nice to have been able to send postcards to my friends from this nation that doesn't officially exist. Of course I didn't actually see any postcards for sale, because there was no way to send them. With the rest of the world recognizing the Transitional Federal Government in Mogadishu, which doesn't even control all of Mogadishu, it doesn't look like we're going to be seeing any postcards from Somaliland anytime soon.