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Through the Gadling Lens: water, water everywhere
So this week, with some help from the amazing shots in the Gadling Flickr pool (with a few of my own images tossed in for good measure), I thought we could talk about some of the ways that water can be the focal point of our photographs. I suspect we're not even going to make a dent in all the ways there are to photograph water, but let's give it a go, shall we?
One of the most marked characteristics of water is how it moves -- and obviously, it can be a bit of a trick to convey this type of movement through still photography. Still, it can be done -- generally by holding the camera very still (even using a tripod, if available), while controlling the shutter speed, so that the shutter stays open long enough to capture the blur of the water. If you have an SLR camera, it means playing with the shutter priority adjustment on your camera (or going fully manual). A couple of beautiful examples:
This great shot, captured and shared by CCB images in Colorado is a beautiful example of capturing the blur of the water -- notice how sharp the fountain is (as is, indeed, the ice at its base), but the water itself is blurred to the point of being indistinct, thus conveying the speed at which the water was moving. Beautifully done.
Another great example:
Another wonderful shot shared by fiznatty. Says the photographer: "For the first time, I had a chance to photograph the fascinating harlequin ducks at LeHardy Rapids. Harlequins migrate through Yellowstone in the spring, and are commonly seen at LeHardy, where they surf the rapids and brave the raging waters of the Yellowstone River. With their unique look and daredevil antics, it's hard not to enjoy watching them."
I love how the ducks appear to be absolutely still as the water races around them. Great capture.
Of course, another great characteristic of water is the way it reflects light. Often, however, even though we appreciate the light in water, we don't always make a point of shooting the light, rather than shooting the water. A couple of examples about how this is done:
Notice in the image above, it's not the water that's actually in focus, it's the light sparkles that are so beautiful captured and shared by jonrawlinson. If, instead, he had focused the ripples on the surface of the water, this photo could've easily turned into just another shot of a pool. Instead, it's a rather stunning shot of light.
In this image of a garden hose, I didn't want to capture the movement out of the hose, so much as I wanted to capture the reflection of light on the water against the brilliant blue sky. And so in this case, the shutter speed was set to as fast as I could make it go, and I had my husband hold the hose up into the light, and I grabbed the shot. The result is that the water almost looks frozen; however, the light is the focus of the shot.
When you're confronted by tons of gallons of water crashing in front of you, it's pretty hard to ignore the power that water is capable of. Here are some great examples of how to capture it.
I love this shot shared by Ylwstonegirl98. Oftentimes, when you're in the vicinity of a waterfall, the temptation is to step back and capture the full length of the waterfall, so that the scenic setting around it also makes it into the shot. By all means, do this; however, don't underestimate zooming in close to really show the volume of the water that is crashing to the river below. This amazing shot by Ylwstonegirl98 is such that I can almost hear the roar of the falls.
Similarly, this shot, shared by Patrick Powers and captured in San Clemente, California, is pretty great as well -- after all, is there any more clear communication of the ocean's power than the image of a surfer being thrown around like a rag doll? Fun, exciting shot, here.
If you ever find yourself face to face with a body of absolutely still water, pay attention to how it might be acting like a mirror, reflecting everything above it. I have to admit that it's often hard to remember that when you're framing a shot, you don't just have to take a photograph of everything above the water, the fact that the water is mirroring everything makes it twice as beautiful. One great example:
The shot of above was shared shared by bovinemagnet, taken in Melbourne, Australia. It's framed beautifully, so that the lights above the water are mirrored below -- as is the beautiful deep blue hue of the oncoming dusk. Wonderfully framed.
And lest you think you need a deep body of water to make this happen, check the shot below:
This image, shared by PDPhotography in Toronto, Canada, was made simply using a puddle on the top of a roof deck. So remember: you don't need a glacial lake to make the reflection work, any still body of water will do nicely.
5. Up close.
Admittedly, my favourite way to shoot water is using a macro lens, and shoot tiny water droplets. I love the way that the surface tension of raindrops makes them almost defy gravity, and look like little crystals. The following images were taken after area rainstorms:
Had I taken the shot above from farther away, you would've seen a rather unimpressive, bedraggled, seen-better-days spider lily. But by getting close up, you notice the beautiful little raindrops, and the same bedraggled petals add a splash of bright red colour.
In the image above, I love how you can see the grasses behind the flower reflected upside down in droplet hanging from the petal. It was hard to focus on such a small space, but I'm thrilled it worked.
Notice the surface tension I was talking about, and how it makes the tiny raindrops cling in almost perfect spheres on the clover, above.
6. At the surface.
Another great way to shoot water, particularly if you're at a beach, is to take a waterproof camera (or place your camera in a waterproof housing), and shoot images taken simultaneously below and above the water's surface. This is great for shooting snorkelers, or kids, or if you're as crazy as our own Willy Volk, lemon sharks:
(But admittedly, some pretty spectacular shots.)
And finally, there is truly nothing more fun than shooting kids playing in water. When there's a lot of splashing going on (as there is in the fountains of Discovery Green in Houston, where I shot the following two images), the trick is to just set your exposure and other settings to shoot images of the kids (because, let's face it, when there's splash water, kids are not going to want to sit still while you try to adjust your shutter speed to create the lovely feathery flows that you see in (1), above). Simply take photographs of the kids having fun, and let the water do its thing:
So that's it -- and again, I'm sure there are lots of other ways to shoot water, and we've just -- pardon the pun -- skimmed the surface. If you've got any other great ideas or links to your water shots, I'd love if you'd share them below. And as always, if you have any questions or suggestions, you can always contact me directly at karenDOTwalrondATweblogsincDOTcom - and I'm happy to address them in upcoming Through the Gadling Lens posts.
Karen is a writer and photographer in Houston, Texas. You can see more of her work at her site, Chookooloonks.
Through the Gadling Lens can be found every Thursday right here, at 11 a.m. To read more Through the Gadling Lens, click here.